Learn American History through 50 pop songs

The Monroe Doctrine

Synopsis

The Monroe Doctrine was a US policy that was introduced on December 2, 1823, which stated that efforts by European countries to colonize land or otherwise interfere in the Americas would be viewed by the United States as acts of aggression. This doctrine was put forth by President James Monroe. The Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Western Hemisphere was not to be further colonized by European countries, and that the United States would not interfere with existing European colonies nor in Europe itself. The Doctrine came at the time when many Latin American countries were on the verge of becoming independent from Spain, and the United States wanted to avoid having any European power take Spain's colonies.

Lyrics

© Copyright 2010 by Mr. and Mrs. Gillenwater

The Spanish colonized them
The Spanish colonized them
The Spanish colonized them
In Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Costa Rica
Oppressed and victimized them
In Ecuador, Columbia, Panama, Guatemala
Till they all demanded freedom
In El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua… all over South America

One by one the Spaniards lost
One by one the Spaniards lost
One by one the Spaniards lost
Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Costa Rica
Spanish rule was firmly tossed from
Ecuador, Columbia, Panama, Guatemala
For independence they paid the cost in
El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua… all over South America

Latin America loudly cheered in
Latin America loudly cheered in
Latin America loudly cheered in
Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Costa Rica
But the United States began to fear
That Europe would now interfere with
El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua… all over South America

To keep European powers far away
To keep European powers far away
To keep European powers far away from
Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Costa Rica
Monroe promised out of Europe we would stay
If Europe kept out of the America’s way
El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua… all over South America

Says the Monroe Doctrine
America for Americans
North, Central, South
Europe… KEEP OUT!

Vocabulary

The Monroe Doctrine— The Monroe Doctrine stated that Europe should not interfere with Latin America as the countries freed themselves from Spanish colonization and in return America would not interfere with Europe or her colonies. President James Monroe issued the doctrine.

“The Spanish colonized them”— This line refers to the fact that centuries before much of Central and South America had been colonized by Spain.

“One by one the Spaniards lost”— This line refers to the fact that in the 19th century most Latin American countries were revolting against Spanish rule and gaining their independence.

Monroe— James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States, serving from 1817 – 1825.

Tiered Questions

Tier 1 Questions

What was the Monroe Doctrine? What did it say?

Tier 2 Questions

Compare and contrast The Monroe Doctrine and Manifest Destiny.

Tier 3 Questions

Do you think the United States had a right to the terms of the Monroe Doctrine? Why or why not?

Test Prep Questions

1) A major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to

  • (1) limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere
  • (2) establish United States colonies in South America
  • (3) form military alliances with Latin American nations
  • (4) avoid involvement in Canadian conflicts

2) Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality (1793), Jefferson’s Embargo Act (1807), and the Monroe Doctrine (1823) were all efforts to

  • (1) avoid political conflicts with European nations
  • (2) directly support European revolutions
  • (3) aid Great Britain in its war against France
  • (4) promote military alliances

3) Since 1823, which United States policy has limited foreign influence in the Western Hemisphere?

  • (1) the Eisenhower Doctrine
  • (2) popular sovereignty
  • (3) imperialism
  • (4) the Monroe Doctrine

Thematic Essay 1

Theme: Geography and United States Government Actions
Geographic factors often influence United States government actions, both foreign and domestic. Some of these factors include location, physical environment, movement of people, climate, and resources.

Task: Identify two actions taken by the United States government that were influenced by geographic factors, and for each action:

  • Discuss the historical circumstances that resulted in the government action
  • Discuss the influence of a geographic factor on the action
  • Describe the impact of the government action on the United States

From your study of United States history, you may use any federal government action that was influenced by geography. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the Louisiana Purchase (1803), issuance of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), passage of the Homestead Act (1862), decision to build the transcontinental railroad (1860s), acquisition of the Philippines (1898), decision to build the Panama Canal (early 1900s) and passage of the Interstate Highway Act (1956).